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The purpose of this study was to changes of psychological factor with aerobic-dance participation for obese children. The subjects of the study was selected by stratified cluster random sampling method from the Dangjin Elementary School were selected to participate in this program(17 overweight children). The author used questions from Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Scale: SES (10 Questions, 1965, translated, edited and standardized by Kim, gui-bong, Kim, young-soo, Kang, sung-gu, Park, joo-young, Kim, young-ho, 1999), Derogatis's The Brief Symptom Inventory: BSI (53 questions, 1977, translated, edited and standardized by Kim, Jae-Hwan & Kim, Kwang-IL, 1984), MccNair, Lorr, & Droppleman‘s Profile of Mood States: POMS (40 Questions, 1992), Miler, Murphy, & Buss's Body- Consciousness Questionnaire (15 Questions, 1981, translated, edited and standardized by Kang, Myung-Ok, 1999), and Wallston, Wallston and DeVellis Multidimentional health Locus of Control Scale (18 Questions, 1978) to analyze the sample with statistical calculations including mean, standard deviation, reliability analysis, repeated measures ANOVA for the study.As the result of this 12 weeks program, each child lost some weight and changed psychological factor(Self-Esteem, Mental Health, Mood, Body-Consciousness, health Locus of Control) in their appearance. This pride greatly contributed to their Mental health.