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The purpose of this study was to investigate the physical activity participation and health concern of adolescents. The subjects of the study was selected by stratified cluster random sampling method from the sports participation located in SeoulGyeonggi-do area in elementary, middle, and high school students. Among them, 400 students are contacted as samples to be studied. 7 of them are not reviewed because of untimely response and doubted sincerity of their answers. The survey methods of this research are the VAS(visual Analogue Scale:1-5) for self-rated health concern and the 6 Likert Scale modified the Multidimensional Health Locus of Control Scale by Wallston, Wallston, & DeVellis (18item, 1978). The used statistical methods for the data analysis were mean, standard deviation, reliability analysis, frequency analysis, crosstabs, x2 (Chi-square), one-way ANOVA.The study conclusions from this study summarized as follow:First, there were differences in the level of Health status according to the physical activity participation of adolescents. Second, there were differences in the level of Health Locus of Control according to the physical activity participation of adolescents, the physical activity participation for adolescents showed higher score than non-participants in the health Locus of Control.