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현대사회는 급변하는 산업사회의 발달로 인한 전통사회의 해체와 더불어 복잡다양함 속에서 전개되는 새로운 가치관에 적응하지 못한 채 여러 가지 정신장애를 보이는 사람이 증가하고 있다.정신장애인은 病識이 없기 때문에 그로 인한 범죄로 타인의 안전을 침해하고 사회에 막대한 피해를 줄 수 있는 잠재적현실적 위험이 농후할 뿐만 아니라, 보통사람들이 이해할 수 없는 심리과정에서 충격적인 범죄를 범할 수도 있기 때문에 의료적 측면과 사회 복지적 측면은 물론 형법과 형사정책의 중요한 과제가 되고 있다. 이러한 정신장애인에 대한 현행법에 따른 처우는 자신이나 타인을 해할 위험성이 없는 정신장애인, 자신이나 타인을 해할 위험성은 있지만 범죄행위를 하지 않은 정신장애인, 범죄행위를 한 정신장애인으로 나누어 생각할 수 있다.이 논문에서는 정신장애범죄인에 대한 처우는 무엇보다 의료와 사법절차의 협력을 필요로 한다고 할 수 있다는 관점에서 자기 또는 타인을 해할 가능성이 있는 정신장애인과 현실로 범죄행위를 한 정신장애인의 처우에 대해 정신보건법과 형법 그리고 치료감호법을 중심으로 살펴본다.


A Study on the Treatment of Mentally Disorder Criminal The various mental patients are increasing gradually who don’t adapt themselves to new sense of value out of the development of industrial society. These people occasionally commit shocking crimes the mental process beyond our comprehension. Criminal acts by mentally disorders are increasing in recent years in our society and have become one of serious social issues. Many problems are waiting to be solved for the management of the mentally disorder criminals in Korean. Under the Korean Criminal Code, mentally disorder criminals can be sentenced to jail, while mentally disordered criminals are considered unable to commit a crime. This has made the courts prefer to find a criminal mentally weak instead of mentally disabled despite a mentally disabled finding, when a heinous crime is in trial. This tendency of the courts should be changed because when a defendant is found mentally disordered, he still has to serve his time in different form for he is confined to a psychiatric detention center under the Cure Custody Act. To remedy all these problems and ascertain the reasonable treatment for the mentally disorder criminals, the cooperation between the medical and judicial fields is essential.


A Study on the Treatment of Mentally Disorder Criminal The various mental patients are increasing gradually who don’t adapt themselves to new sense of value out of the development of industrial society. These people occasionally commit shocking crimes the mental process beyond our comprehension. Criminal acts by mentally disorders are increasing in recent years in our society and have become one of serious social issues. Many problems are waiting to be solved for the management of the mentally disorder criminals in Korean. Under the Korean Criminal Code, mentally disorder criminals can be sentenced to jail, while mentally disordered criminals are considered unable to commit a crime. This has made the courts prefer to find a criminal mentally weak instead of mentally disabled despite a mentally disabled finding, when a heinous crime is in trial. This tendency of the courts should be changed because when a defendant is found mentally disordered, he still has to serve his time in different form for he is confined to a psychiatric detention center under the Cure Custody Act. To remedy all these problems and ascertain the reasonable treatment for the mentally disorder criminals, the cooperation between the medical and judicial fields is essential.