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初期 百濟의 成長과 眞氏 勢力의 動向 본고는 초기 백제사에 대한 합리적인 접근을 시도한 논문이다. 기본 전제는 백제 주변국의 역사가 近肖古王 때 ꡔ書記ꡕ를 편찬하면서 백제 중심의 역사로 기록되었다는 입장이다. 따라서 백제 초기사는 백제 중심의 시각만 제거하면 상당수 기록을 되살릴 수 있다는 사료의 ‘재해석’을 주장한 것이 본고의 특징이다. 백제 주변 지역 중 가장 주목되는 세력은 진씨였다. 진씨는 처음 右輔라는 관직을 맡으면서 등장하였다. 그런데 초기 백제 관직인 右輔와 左輔는 古爾王 14년 이후 보이지 않는다. 아울러 이 무렵 左將·兵官佐平 등이 새로이 등장한다. 이들 모두의 업무가 군사 분야와 관련이 있고 순차적으로 설치된 것은 업무의 분화와 체계화를 보여주는 것으로, 백제 왕국의 외연적 확대를 확인해준다. 그리고 고이왕 때 인명 앞에 附加된 部의 명칭이 보이지 않는 것은 점차 중앙정부 속에 편입되고 있는 진씨의 모습을 보여준다고 보았다. 다음으로 북부 세력인 진씨의 근거지로는 六溪土城 등이 있는 적성 일대로 보았다. 이는 이곳에서 일찍부터 백제와 관련이 있는 유물이 출토되었고, 靺鞨과 樂浪으로 통하는 교통로의 요지였음을 고려한 결과이다. 백제는 진씨 세력의 歸附로 말갈의 군사적 압박을 물리치는 계기를 마련하였고, 진씨 세력 또한 백제와 연합하여 중국 군현의 압박에 대한 자구책을 마련하였다. 결국 진씨는 부명이 부가된 시기에는 상당히 독자적인 세력을 유지하면서 백제와 연합하는 형태를 유지하다가 崎離營 전투 이후 점차 백제의 유력한 지배 세력으로 편입되는 과정을 거친 것임을 알 수 있었다.


Expansion of Baikje at its Beginning Time and Attitude of the Clan "Jin" This article is trying to approach the first stage of Baikje by dealing with written sources reasonably. It is based on the premise that the history of neighboring powerful families were changed to the ones that belonged to Baikje by compiling Seogi(Chronicles) at the reign of King Geunchogo. The essay is therefore characterized by suggesting the new "interpretation" of historical materials which means that the history of early Baikje can be reconstructed by removing the bias. The clan "Jin" was the most powerful of neighboring families. At first the clan came out as assuming the position Jwa-bo(Left Secretary). But the titles of the government positions at the first stage of Baikje, namely Jowa-bo and U-bo(Right Secretary), disappeared after the 14th year of King Koi and gave the place to Jwa-jang and Pyongguan-joa p'yong(Military Minister), whose tasks were relating to the military. The extensive expansion of Baikje led to the differentiation and systematization of the office organizations. In the process the clan "Jin" was also integrated gradually to the central government. Moreover "Jin" family's base can be considered as Youk-gae Earthen Fortress, which is located in Jeokseong-myeon, because there many remains of Baikje were excavated and the place was very important to go to Malgal und Laklang. With the military support of the clan "Jin", Baikje could driven the attack of Malgal back and be able to resist the chinese pressure. This family, which enjoyed a considerably independent power and had cooperated with Baikje at the first stage, was integrated step by step to Baikje after the Battle in Giriyoung and became a ruling society of Baikje.


Expansion of Baikje at its Beginning Time and Attitude of the Clan "Jin" This article is trying to approach the first stage of Baikje by dealing with written sources reasonably. It is based on the premise that the history of neighboring powerful families were changed to the ones that belonged to Baikje by compiling Seogi(Chronicles) at the reign of King Geunchogo. The essay is therefore characterized by suggesting the new "interpretation" of historical materials which means that the history of early Baikje can be reconstructed by removing the bias. The clan "Jin" was the most powerful of neighboring families. At first the clan came out as assuming the position Jwa-bo(Left Secretary). But the titles of the government positions at the first stage of Baikje, namely Jowa-bo and U-bo(Right Secretary), disappeared after the 14th year of King Koi and gave the place to Jwa-jang and Pyongguan-joa p'yong(Military Minister), whose tasks were relating to the military. The extensive expansion of Baikje led to the differentiation and systematization of the office organizations. In the process the clan "Jin" was also integrated gradually to the central government. Moreover "Jin" family's base can be considered as Youk-gae Earthen Fortress, which is located in Jeokseong-myeon, because there many remains of Baikje were excavated and the place was very important to go to Malgal und Laklang. With the military support of the clan "Jin", Baikje could driven the attack of Malgal back and be able to resist the chinese pressure. This family, which enjoyed a considerably independent power and had cooperated with Baikje at the first stage, was integrated step by step to Baikje after the Battle in Giriyoung and became a ruling society of Baikje.