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본 연구는 대학생의 문제음주 행위 및 관련요인을 확인하여 대학생의 음주행위 교육프로그램 개발을 위한 기초자료를 제공하고자 시도하였다. 연구대상자는 B시 4년제 대학교 4곳에 재학 중인 대학생으로 총 495명이었으며, 2004년 7월 24일부터 8월 4일까지 세계보건기구에서 개발한 문제음주 자가진단검사(AUDIT)를 사용하여 조사하였다. 대상자의 음주율은 남학생 96.2%, 여학생 95.2%였다. 문제음주 자가진단검사 점수에서 8점 미만인 '정상' 집단 33.5%, 8점 이상 11점 이하인 '문제음주' 집단 26.2%, 12점 이상인 '알코올 남용 및 의존' 집단 40.3%였다. 대상자의 성별, 종교, 음주시작 나이, 과음경험, 아버지의 음주여부는 문제음주 점수에서 유의한 차이를 나타냈다. 문제음주 관련요인은 성별, 과음경험, 음주시작 나이로 나타났다.


This study aims to identify the problem drinking pattern of university students and to analyze their drinking-related factors. The study subjects were 495 students from four universities in Busan Metropolitan City, Korea. The data were collected by a self-administered questionnaire between July 24 and August 4, 2004. Descriptive statistics, chi-square test, and logistic regression analysis in SPSS Win (12.0) program were used for data analysis.Based on the AUDIT scores, 33.5% scored less than 8 points from the AUDIT score (the normal group), 26.2% scored from 8 points to less than 12 points from the AUDIT score (the problem drinkers), and 40.3% scored 12 points and more from the AUDIT score (the group characterized by alcohol abuse and dependency). Factors predicting problematic drinkers based on the AUDIT score included gender, age of the first alcohol drink was taken, the experience of overdrinking. Therefore, educational programs should be developed to enhance university students' awareness of the alcohol drinking pattern that would prevent them from becoming problematic drinkers. It is also necessary to study and confirm the variables that may cause the students' problematic drinking habits and their alcohol abuse and dependency, aside from those identified in this study.