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This is a study about John Steinbeck’s literary works in his later career, involving the most artistically successful works of film projects. His documentary type of movie The Forgotten Village, the parable type of novel The Pearl, and the screenplay Viva Zapata, remain his most honest literary works of the postwar period. In order to explain their success, as well as the failure of the later works, it is necessary to analyze Steinbeck’s developing relationship with the technique of film and with the subject matter of Mexico. Steinbeck was occasionally capable of recapturing his truly filmic vision, particularly in his works about Mexico, The Pearl and Viva Zapata. Mexico always had been an important symbolic place for Steinbeck. As a native Californian, he had been aware of his state’s Mexican heritage. To view John Steinbeck’s literary world in relation to his alliance with the film is one of the significant approaches to reevaluate his neglected works after 1940s by relating them with his major novels of 1930s, explaining the great gap of the years until the great achievement of 1962 Nobel Prize.