초록 close

We live in an era of global transformations that produce the considerable movement of people and flows of ideas and values across borders. What impacts are these global trends having on the individual lives as well as on a country or ethnic group? Based on both qualitative and quantitative research data on culture gaps and language skill differences between immigrant parents and their children, this paper attempts to explore some of the challenges Korean families and communities face in the United States in regard to the education of second and third generations of Koreans in the effort to preserve Korean ethnic culture. A special focus is on the role of language in this process. Data suggest that the preservation of ethnic culture and bilingualism serve as a preventive factor of inter-generational conflict in Korean immigrant homes, which contributes positively to the psychological well-being of Korean youth and their adaptive outcomes. The critical importance of the preservation of cultural-continuity in Korean immigrant homes and their community can be reflective of modern Korean society, in which deepened generational schisms concern many scholars. Given the nature of society in the era of globalization, the family has become a contended area between old and new cultures. If parents are simply content when the children are fluent in English, young people will be drawn more into the global youth culture and consequently lose their ethnic heritages. Some policy implications on how to preserve national culture and, at the same time, promote local diversity in this era of globalization are also discussed.