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The title of this paper alludes to that of Heidegger’s Was Heisst Denken? (1954), an attempt to articulate a question about the role of thinking as something other than a technological or productive activity. A substantial part of Heidegger’s essay is a reflection on the form of the question ‘Was heisst Denken?’, which can be translated as ‘What is thinking?’ in the sense ‘What is this thing we call thinking?’, and also as ‘What calls for thinking?’ Here, I adapt Heidegger’s question and ask ‘What calls for poetry?’ in order to move away from the notion of poetry as history, discourse, ideology, practice, creative writing, or any other simply functional, productive or reflective sense. I use this form of question not (at all) in order to introduce the whole Heideggerean agenda, but as the occasion of asking what has befallen poetry and what might be the space into which poetry in its practice and in its self-understanding might seek to move. I ask the question also, as part of a broader project to disturb the sediment of dogmatic metaphysical terms which has settled on criticism and cultural commentary in recent times, especially the terms matter, discourse and – here – history.