초록 close

The purpose of this study is to describe theoretical orientations guiding research in mathematics motivation and to discuss findings in terms of how they facilitate or inhibit achievement. First, definitions of motivation and distinctions among types of motivation in education are discussed. Second, theoretical approach and representative research from these approach are described. Third, a set of generalizable conclusions about the contextual factors, cognitive processes, and benefits of interventions that affect students' and teachers' motivational attitudes are noted. Last, criticisms regarding instrument, assessment, and use of theories in motivational research are raised.