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The Portugal was the first western nation who reached Ayutthaya, which was also called Siam by people from western countries. In 1511, Alfonso de Albuquerque, the second Portuguese viceroy, came in to the Straits of Malacca with eighteen ships and took over Malacca. After occupying this region, Albuquerque approached King Ramatibodi II to facilitate the relation between Portugal and Ayutthaya and avoid troubles when they trade with Thais. In the same year, Albuquerque sent off Duarte Fernandez to Ayutthaya with a report that explained the capture of Malacca. The first Portuguese envoy received a warm welcome from the Thai Court, and the negotiation was also successful. In 1516, Duarte de Coelho, the third envoy in kingdom of Ayutthaya, arrived at Ayutthaya with a number of gifts from King Manuel of Portugal. A treaty of friendship and commerce between Ayutthaya and Portugal was made, which allowed the Portuguese traders to reside in Ayutthaya and establish their firms. They were also granted permission to practice their religion. It is interesting that they could enjoyed religious freedom as well as they could reach the agreement without any difficulties. In return, Portugal agreed to supply cannons, rifles, and bullets to the Thai army. The number of Portuguese at Auytthaya increased rapidly to three hundreds. They transacted with merchants from Arabia, Persia, and other lands. In 1538, one hundred twenty Portuguese mercenaries were assigned to King Chai Raja's grenadiers and were honored to accompany the Thai army in the first Burmese-Thai war in 1556. Besides, Jesuit missionaries were permitted to establish their church for the first time at Ayutthaya in 1606 during the reign of King Eka Thosaros. Friendship between the Thais and the Portuguese continued for many years till 1624, when the Dutch arrived at Ayutthaya and were welcomed by the Thais. Free competition over commerce between the two western nations was offered, which finally led to the Portuguese-Dutch war of 1628. The Portugal was defeated in this war, and it began to lose their powers by 1641. While Portugal's power already started being weakened in Ayutthaya, Netherlands rapidly replaced Portugal with a monopoly on commerce in Ayutthaya. However, King Narai soon realized the substantial threats from Netherlands and attempted to enhance the relationship with Portugal again for the sake of the balance of power, in order to suppress the power of the Netherlands that have political interest in Ayutthaya.