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In Korea, "Seoul Study" and "Busan Study" and the like are aimed at research on cultural, historical, economic or social issues at the local cities or provinces, came into among some researchers in the 1980s. After Institute of Seoul Studies was established in 1993, a trend of local studies was started in many places to put the name at front of a word "study", like "Jeju study", "Gangwon Study". The purpose of this studies are analyzing of the status qou and problems related with special local areas in Korea. At this paper discussed on the general academic terminology on these kinds of study using the name of local cities or provinces, as 'regional study', 'home study' and 'local study', and analyzed the background of its development. And that, here studied on the issues of the theoretical methodology of local studies, including research methodology and its paradigms, its scope and limits. And as a conclusion are mentioned several pointes of view that needed to upgrade its academic characters of local studies.