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본 논문에서는 오운종가 소장 고문서 가운데 准戶口와 分財記 분석을 중심으로 그 사회경제적 기반을 규명하고, 개별문중 자료의 한계를 보완하기 위해 선행연구와 필자의 졸저 및 고창오씨 족보 등을 종합적으로 검토하였다. 고창오씨는 원래 전라도 고창현의 土姓으로서 고려전기에 上京從仕하였는데 始祖 吳學麟부터 누대에 걸쳐 京鄕의 관직을 역임하였다. 竹牖 吳 澐은 일찍이 퇴계 남명 兩門을 출입하였고, 임란때에는 의령에서 倡義하여 의병활동을 전개하였다. 이후 吳汝檼, 吳益煥으로 가계가 이어오면서 경상좌우도에 걸쳐 폭넓은 혼맥과 학맥을 형성하였으며, 재지사족으로서의 家勢는 후대까지 유지되었음을 알 수 있다. 1669년부터 1894년까지 작성된 准戶口 분석을 통하여 호주와 戶主 妻의 4祖를 포함하여 가족구성과 소유노비의 내용을 알 수 있었다. 즉 17세기 후반의 가족구성은 고려시대 내지 조선전기의 쌍계적 방계가족의 형태가 부계친족 중심으로 변화되었으며, 호주 외의 형제가 혼인 후 곧 분가하게 되면서 2대 내지 3대가 동거하는 직계가족의 형태였다. 그리고 노비관리의 취약성과 더불어 18세기 초중반의 소유노비 규모가 100구~150구 정도였으며, 솔거노비와 외거노비 집중 거주지(의령, 영주, 성주, 함안, 삼가 등)는 동시기 토지소재지와 유사하나 1~2구가 거주하는 분포범위는 훨씬 더 넓었음을 확인하였다. 分財記를 통해서는 종가의 시대별 재산상속 추이를 규명하였다. 상속의 방법은 영남의 여타가문과 같이 임란 전 철저한 평균분급이 17세기로 들어오면서 제사조나 장자의 몫이 증가하는 추세였고, 토지소재지는 종가의 터전과 처가, 외가, 연고지였던 의령, 영주, 고령, 함안, 고성, 성주, 지례, 창녕 등지였다. 앞으로 준호구 및 분재기에 대한 보다 심층적인 분석은 물론, 동시기에 작성된 여타 자료들과의 비교분석 통해 본 종가의 재산상속, 제사상속 및 소유노비의 거주형태, 혼인관계 등이 보다 심층적으로 다루어져야 할 것이다.


This study has identified the socio-economic ground of the Oh family based on the analysis of such old documents as Junhogu(a kind of family register) and Bunjegi( a record of property division) owned by Oh's main family. To supplement the limits of the individual families' record materials, this study has also comprehensively investigated some preceding ones including my previous one, and the genealogy of the Gochang Oh family The Oh family was native to the county of Gochang, Jeollado Province. With Oh Hak-rin, the founder of the family starting, some members of the Oh family went to the capital to serve as public officials. Oh Un was associated with the two neoconfucians - Toigye and Nammyeong from when he was young. In the period of Japanese invasion called Yim-ran, he founded an volunteer army in the county of Uiryeong, and took an active part in it. He was succeeded by Oh Yeo-eun and Oh Ik-hwan in the genealogy. The family formed a wide range of marital and academic networks across the area of Gyeongsang-jwau Province. The power of the family whose scholarly members resided in the town was extended to later generations. The analysis of the family register called Junhogu which was written up from 1669 to 1894 showed what the family was composed of the patriarch's and his wife's ancestors of four generations, other family members and their servants. In the Goryeo dynasty and in the early Joseon Dynasty, the family genealogy was composed of both lines of a couple including their siblings and relatives. However, in the late 17th century this two-line system changed to the system centering the relatives of father's line, which was a lineal form of family including two or three generations with the exclusion of married siblings other than the eldest. The management of servants was very poor, and the number of servants in the early and mid 18th century was about 100 to 150. Intensive residential areas(Uiryrong, Yeongju, Seongju, Haman, and Samga) of dependent and independent servants were almost the same as the land sites of the days. Yet the areas where one or two servants resided were proved to have been much more expansive. The investigation of Bunjegi( a record of property division) has identified how the properties of main families were handed down according to the times. As in many families of the Yeongnam area, the system of equal property division among siblings before the Japanese Invasion called Yim-ran, gradually changed into the system which alloted more to the eldest or the host of memorial services with the 17 century starting. Land sites were in Uiryrong, Yeongju, Goryeong, Haman, Goseong, Seongju, Jirye, and Changnyeong, where main families, wives' families, and mothers' families were located and with which they were connected. In future, a further analysis of Junhogu and Bunjegi is required, and many other record materials written up around the same time are to be analyzed and compared in order to closely bring to light eldest families' property inheritance, servants' residential forms and their marital relations