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The purpose of this paper is to clarify the characteristics of low-income families' residential mobility in the Seoul Metropolitan Area (SMA). The total of 41,705 tenants' demographic data and rental housing characteristic data were used to analyze the pattern of residential mobility and detect determinants of migration distance. The results are summarized as follows: First, the inter-province movement is relatively few: from 2.7% to 13.1% of total tenants in the SMA. However, there are measurable variation in the inter-regional migration among the cities within the each metropolitan area(Seoul, Incheon, Gyeonggy). Second, the major determinants of average migration distance of a rental house complex are the regional characteristics such as area of the region, home-ownership ratio, apartment ratio. The results give an implication on low-income housing policies: The regional demand of the new public rental housing varies by the locational factors.