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Sohn, Joong-Sun & Kim, Jung-Sam. “Creativity and Elementary English Education: A Possibility of Creativity Education Based on the Short-Term Memory Mechanism.” Studies on English Language & Literature. 33.1(2007): 305-328. There has been an assumption that creativity education is possible in every subject teaching in elementary school. Elevation of children’s creativity in elementary English education, however, has faced difficulties in reality because most children, who are beginners, do not have basic skills to ‘play with’ English yet. Without basic language skills, there is no room for creativity. This paper suggests that understanding of short-term memory could be one way to resolve the conflict between language skill and creativity in Korea. Short-term memory is a crucial part of language process. Its effective operation is only possible when it works with phrases or thought groups because of its limited capacity. The phrase-level teaching can accelerate the operation of short-term memory and eventually shorten the distance to creativity education in EFL countries. (Daegu National University of Education․Daegu Yeongseon Elementary School)