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According to the recent decisions of international courts, infringement on the right ofconsular notification which is ensured to nationals abroad under the Article 36, paragraph 1(b)of the Vienna Convention on the Consular Relations(hereinafter, referred to as the ConsularConvention) can be a cause of diplomatic protection of the sending states. That is to say,the right of consular notification, as an individual right vested in the individuals in thereceiving states under the Consular Convention, is a cause of not only diplomaticprotection of the sending states but also international responsibility because the infringementon the rights of individuals recognized by international law will be a breach of internationalobligation. On the contrary, some scholars, arguing against the above statements, insist that thenationals abroad who violate the legal order of receiving states can not enjoy the right ofconsular notification, and accordingly, the sending states can not invoke the diplomaticprotection. However, although the nationals abroad in the receiving states are criminal suspects or the accused, their rights of consular notification should be guaranteed. The reason is that the right of consular notification is a minimum right which the criminal suspects or the accused should have under the due process doctrine. In conclusion, in order to protect the nationals abroad more effectively, the right of consular notification under the ‘Consular Convention’ should be guaranteed as a minimum substantive and procedural individual right recognized by international law. Consequently, this right of consular notification can be a major normative and diplomatic tool for the protection of human rights as well as nationals abroad.