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The aim of this article intended to introduce the process and meaning of the ‘Kangonji Matsuri’ performed in Kangonji-cho of Kagawa-ken. For this study I did a field-work for one year(09. 2005~08. 2006) in Sikoku of Japan. The origin of the Kangonji matsuri as a traditional matsuri goes back to the Kiyon matsure of Kyoto. This is the matsure of ‘tasi' type to be made with a cart of wheel. In Sikoku the thing to have a big drum inside of the ‘tasi’. is called ‘taikodai’. Specially the ‘taikodai’s of Kangonji district are called ‘chyousa’. But the meaning of ‘chyousa’ is not well-known until now. Generally speaking, it means young age. The matsuri performed in Kotohitan-hachiban shrine at the third week of October every year was managed by the self-government of residents without help of the local government. There are ten ‘chyousa’s include for children's. An external aspect of the ‘chyousa’ is much more splendour and grandeur to compare with other's. And the contents of the matsuri to be performed for three days in this district consisted of four parts, ‘chyousa’ parade, ‘mikosi(moving shrine)’ parade, lion dance and fireworks. At the first day they assembled a ‘chyousa’ and go around the their districts with the ‘chyousa’. At the second day, invitation god ceremony and the third day, send off god ceremony with parade of ‘chyousa’, ‘mikosi’ and lion dance in the shrine square. The fireworks were done at the second night. The matsuri purify the districts with the ‘chyousa’ through going around at the first day. And the residents dedicate the ‘chyousa’ as an offering to the god for their safety and good harvest. After finishing a ritual ceremony, they enjoy their life deviated with shouting, running and swing around the ‘chyousa’ in the street. Therefor in the matsuri there are both sides of reverential and sacred feature as ritual ceremony and disturbing and disordered feature as festival.