초록 close

Go, Min-gon. “The Biographical Influences of the Writer Himself on Hemingway’s Works.” Studies on English Language & Literature. 33.1(2007): 129-142. Ernest Hemingway could collect various sources to write his works from the travels and much experience. To admire his works right, there are many important things which are worthy of attention in both his travels and experience. When he was a reporter at Kansas City Star, he was trained for not using superfluous words. In Paris years, he could learn how to write a story like a painting through the Paul Cezanne’s painting technique and it had a strong influence on his works. Hemingway learned “the modern space conception” from Cezanne’s paintings, which are charactered by solidness, enduringness, grotesqueness, simplicity, enclosure, expansion and omission. After he was influenced by the painting technique, Hemingway could form his own Iceberg Theory. The definition of the Iceberg Theory is as follow: one eight of the iceberg is above water and seven eighths of it is under water. Like this iceberg principle, a writer should omit and eliminate unnecessary parts and details of a story. After “Up in Michigan” in which the use of photographic realism is obvious, Hemingway uses different techniques in his works. This change of technique in Hemingway’s could be formed from the travels and influences he accepted from the people and works he encountered. (Woosuk University)