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Kim, Uirak. “A Three-Part Dialectic of Elizabeth Bishop’s Poetry: Thesis, Antithesis, Synthesis.” Studies on English Language & Literature. 33.1(2007): 81-103. There is in Elizabeth Bishop’s poetry a development which progresses from an objectified, basically Aristotelian, mode of presentation to a subjective mode controlled by post-Kantian ideas of self-awareness to a Husserlian phenomenological expression of integrated experience. By using a Hegelian three-part dialectic in which her three major books, North and South, Questions of Travel, and Geography III, are viewed respectively as thetic, antithetic, and synthetic levels of her aesthetic development, Bishop’s poetry may be seen to reflect the ontogenetic growth of the mind of Western man and to be an adumbration of the same whole to part-to-whole to whole-of-parts schema which characterizes Western philosophical thought in general. In her first published book of poems, Bishop begins with a unified world perceived by an impersonal narrator whose questions only concern the external world. Much of her later poems looks back on the first two parts as Bishop, newly aware of herself as a narrator, creates a world in which she is both an individual and a connected part of the world. (Busan University of Foreign Studies)