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The introduction of strategic environmental assessment (SEA) has strengthened andextended the value of environmental impact assessment (EIA) as a foundational tool forsustainable development. In particular, SEA helps to overcome the limitation of project EIA as a‘stand alone’ approach, applied relatively late in the decision making cycle. SEA is applied topolicy, plan and programme (3P) proposals, when major alternatives are open and systematicconsideration can be given to their environmental effects. This process also corresponds tooptions appraisal of development proposal to find the best practical outcome having regard toall potential impacts.There are imperatives for sustainable development (SD) that are shaping future directions forEIA and SEA internationally, regionally and locally. There is a shift toward more integrativeapproaches of using EIA and SEA as sustainability tools in cooperated environmentalmanagement system (EMS).Korea has established and applied EIA for over twenty years for various projects. Given itscoverage, the current EIA system is SEA exclusive. The Prior Environmental Review System(PERS), which is a SEA-type of system, was applied in the late 1990s, mainly for variousdeveloping planning programs. The current PERS has been modified as a SEA type system, butin general, policy is not going to be covered.