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The purpose of this study is to examine the impacts of the physical health on health behaviors of the rural elderly.In this study, physical health is measured self-rated health and farmer symptoms. The specific questions addressed inthis study are: What are the general tendencies of health behavior, self-rated health and farmer symptoms? What arethe direct impacts and indirect impacts of respondents’characteristics, self-rated health and farmer symptoms onhealth behaviors of the rural elderly? For this purpose, survey data was gathered from 881 rural elderly who live in avillage. The statistical methods used for data analysis were descriptive statistics, correlations, and path analysis withspsswin 12.0 program. The major findings of this study are as follows: The level of health behaviors and self-rated health is low and thelevel of farmer symptoms is high. In general, it can be said that respondents of this study have the low level ofphysical health and health behaviors. A path analysis shows the relation of variables, which influence on healthbehaviors. Economic status, education status and farmer symptoms play direct and positive effects on healthbehaviors. Especially, the effect of farmer symptoms is more important than the others. Sex and age are indirectly significant on health behavior. The results obtained from the study confirm that objective physical health, like as farmer symptoms, plays important roles in health behavior of the rural elderly. It means that the Korean rural elderly need many facilities and services to promote their physical health.