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중국조선족은 일제의 중국 침략당시부터 동북지역 탄광 노동에 종사하면서 역사적으로 중국내 탄광개발과 깊은 연관성을 지니고 있다. 본고는 조선족의 탄광시를 통해 문학에 드러난 탄광노동계급의 의식화, 시의 정치도구화, 만인갱을 통한 탄광노동 현실, 변화하고 있는 조선족의 탄광시세계의 변모양상 등을 살피고 있다.문학의 정치도구화와 노동계급의 의식화에 치우치던 조선족의 탄광시는 1980년을 전후하여 노동자들의 건강한 생활상에서 보람을 찾거나 탄광노동자의 서정에 초점을 맞추는 변화 양상을 보인다. 하지만 조선족 탄광시는 비참한 탄광노동 현실을 오직 일제통치기의 과거에만 국한하면서 노동현장을 확보하지 못한 한계를 지니고 있다. 사회주의 체제가 노동자와 농민을 우대하는 정책을 표방하면서도 정작 노동자의 실상에 대해서는 피상적으로 접근함으로써 탄광노동자의 현실을 왜곡한 점은 탄광시가 풀어가야 할 과제이다.다행이 조선족 탄광시는 이미 만인갱과 일제통치기의 탄광노동 현실에 대한 고발을 통해 탄광노동자의 실상에 사실적으로 접근할 수 있는 시각은 확보해놓고 있다. 조선족의 탄광시가 진정한 노동자의 세상을 열어 가는 기폭제가 되길 기대한다.


Study on Coal Miners Poems of Chaoxianzu Jeong, Youn-soo Since the Imperial Japanese Army invaded Manchuria, the Republic of China, the Korean Chinese (Also known as Chaoxianzu) involved in coal mining in Manchuria. Historically, the Korean Chinese have been continuous with the development of this area. Therefore, this study examined about the conscientization of coal mine laboring class, the utilization politically of poems, the circumstances of coal mining and the changes of poems through coal miners poems of Chaoxianzu. However, coal miners poems of Chaoxianzu expressed the hardship and struggles of coal miners during the Imperial Japanese period. Since the socialism enforced the preferential policy to laborers and farmers, coal miners poems distorted or skimmed the surface of circumstances of miners. Luckily, we could know the facts of coal miners enough through the accusation about the circumstances by coal miners poems of Korean Chinese during the Imperial Japanese period. It is expected that coal miners poems can be the record for improving laborers life.


Study on Coal Miners Poems of Chaoxianzu Jeong, Youn-soo Since the Imperial Japanese Army invaded Manchuria, the Republic of China, the Korean Chinese (Also known as Chaoxianzu) involved in coal mining in Manchuria. Historically, the Korean Chinese have been continuous with the development of this area. Therefore, this study examined about the conscientization of coal mine laboring class, the utilization politically of poems, the circumstances of coal mining and the changes of poems through coal miners poems of Chaoxianzu. However, coal miners poems of Chaoxianzu expressed the hardship and struggles of coal miners during the Imperial Japanese period. Since the socialism enforced the preferential policy to laborers and farmers, coal miners poems distorted or skimmed the surface of circumstances of miners. Luckily, we could know the facts of coal miners enough through the accusation about the circumstances by coal miners poems of Korean Chinese during the Imperial Japanese period. It is expected that coal miners poems can be the record for improving laborers life.