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The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of social workers' social support on the primary caregivers' caregiving burdens. The research is conducted of 168 long-term care elderly primary caregivers from 38 adult daycare centers in Seoul and Kyoung-gi. Statistical method and analysis are employed: Frequency, Percentage, Mean, Standard Deviation, Cronbach's α, Correlation Analysis and Multiple Regression Analysis. The major findings are as follows: Social supports consist of subordinate factors including instrumental support, informational support and emotional support. The level of social support provided by social workers, is relatively high, especially in terms of emotional and informational support, while instrumental support marks lower level. Variables, which account for 52% of the caregivers' burdens, include health status of the primary caregivers, ADL and problematic behavior of the elderly, and emotional and informational support of the social workers.In conclusion, emotional support and informational support of social worker are very important variables in examining primary caregivers' caregiving burdens. Finally, Implications and limitations of this study are discussed.