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The effects of immersion time in the liquid nitrogen on the behavior of aluminum alloys used for the hydrogen storage tank of auto-mobile at cryogenic temperature were investigated. With increasing immersion time in the liquid nitrogen, the elongation of Al 5083 alloy at cryogenic temperature decreased because of non-uniform fracture of precipitates on the grain boundary, and the serration also occurred because of discontinuous slip due to rapid decreasing of the specific heat. The mechanical properties of Al 6061 alloy at cryogenic temperature were characterized by uniformed yield strength, tensile strength and elongation regardless of the immersion time in the liquid nitrogen. These mechanical properties of aluminum alloys at cryogenic temperature were interpreted by the strength of grain boundary and the slip deformation behavior.