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This study was performed to measure the changed concentrations of formaldehyde and volatile organic compounds after moving in the newly constructed apartment buildings at Seoul. From December 2004 to October 2005, we measured the concentration of formaldehyde and volatile organic compounds in newly constructed apartment buildings before and after residence. In conclusion, it showed that there was a significant relationship association between the concentration of the volatile organic compound and the formaldehyde and remodeling of the house, built in-furniture, and ventilation of the house. Therefore, it was suggested that we need preventive measures and management plans about various factors such as remodeling, and built in-furniture, ventilation to decrease the concentrations of volatile organic compounds and formaldehyde.