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570년 고구려는 왜왕권에 처음으로 공적 사절을 파견한다. 4세기말 고구려와 왜의 군사적 충돌 이후 170여년만의 접촉이었다. 사절파견의 배경으로는 6세기중엽 고구려 왕권의 분열과 혼란, 신라의 침공으로 한강유역과 동북방 지역의 상실이었다.고구려가 사절을 파견한 목적은 고구려백제왜를 잇는 삼국협력체제를 구축하여 신라를 고립시키는 일이었다. 그동안 공포의 대상이었던 고구려가 사절을 보냈다는 것은 왜왕권의 自尊意識을 만족시켜주는 결과가 되었다. 이후 양국의 왕권 상호간의 교류는 활발해졌고, 고구려의 수많은 선진문물이 왜국으로 유입되는 계기가 되었다.그러나 1세기 간 지속된 고구려와 왜의 우호관계는 백제의 멸망과 동시에 해체되기 시작한다. 여기에는 왜왕권의 친백제 외교노선과 연계되어 있었다. 역사적으로 왜왕권의 대외정책은 백제의 외교노선과 같이 했다. 백제의 멸망으로 왜왕권의 對韓정책은 멸망해 가는 고구려를 외면하고 한반도의 패자가 된 신라와 손을 잡는다.고구려의 대왜외교는 백제의 멸망으로 더 이상 실효성을 거둘 수 없었다. 백제라는 변수가 고구려의 대왜외교의 한계를 초래했던 것이다.


Koguryo's foreign policy toward Wae in the 6~7th century In 570, Koguryo sent an official envoy to Wae(ancient Japan) for the first time. It was the contact in more than 170 years since the military collision between Koguryo and Wae at the end of the 4th century. In the background of the envoy dispatch, around the mid 6th century there were the state of disruption and disorder in Koguryo’s royal authority, and the territorial loss in the northeast area and Han River basin due to Silla’s invasion. The purpose of the envoy dispatch was to construct a triple connection of Koguryo, Pekje and Wae, in order to contain Silla. The envoy dispatch by Koguryo, which had been the object of fear for Wae, resulted in satisfing Wae with its self-repect. Since then, as the interrelations between the two countries became extensive, the advanced civilization flowed into Wae. However, a century of friendly relations between two countries started to break down when the Pekje kingdom ruined, and this was related to the pro-Pekje foreign policy of Wae. Historically, the foreign policy of Wae had conformed to that of Pekje. Neglecting the declining Koguryo along with the fall of Pekje, Wae’s foreign policy toward Korea came to be cooperative with Silla, the new conqueror of the (Korean) Peninsula. Due to the fall of Pekje, Koguryo’s foreign policy toward Wae had no more effectiveness. It was the variable of Pekje that brought about limitations in Koguryo’s foreign policy toward Wae.


Koguryo's foreign policy toward Wae in the 6~7th century In 570, Koguryo sent an official envoy to Wae(ancient Japan) for the first time. It was the contact in more than 170 years since the military collision between Koguryo and Wae at the end of the 4th century. In the background of the envoy dispatch, around the mid 6th century there were the state of disruption and disorder in Koguryo’s royal authority, and the territorial loss in the northeast area and Han River basin due to Silla’s invasion. The purpose of the envoy dispatch was to construct a triple connection of Koguryo, Pekje and Wae, in order to contain Silla. The envoy dispatch by Koguryo, which had been the object of fear for Wae, resulted in satisfing Wae with its self-repect. Since then, as the interrelations between the two countries became extensive, the advanced civilization flowed into Wae. However, a century of friendly relations between two countries started to break down when the Pekje kingdom ruined, and this was related to the pro-Pekje foreign policy of Wae. Historically, the foreign policy of Wae had conformed to that of Pekje. Neglecting the declining Koguryo along with the fall of Pekje, Wae’s foreign policy toward Korea came to be cooperative with Silla, the new conqueror of the (Korean) Peninsula. Due to the fall of Pekje, Koguryo’s foreign policy toward Wae had no more effectiveness. It was the variable of Pekje that brought about limitations in Koguryo’s foreign policy toward Wae.