초록 close

쿠르베는 눈에 보이는 그대로를 그리는 데 비해 도미에는 처해진 현실을 강조하기 위하여 변형과 과장을 통해 의미를 더 강하게 전달하고자 했다. 도미에는 시각적 사실적 보다는 상황적 사실성을 더욱 중요시했다. 그래서 도미에의 회화는 상황적 사실주의라고 할 수 있다.19세기 사실주의는 혁명사와 함께하며 진보적 입장을 고수하고 있으며 하나의 예술사조는 물론이거니와 정신적 가치로서 중요성을 띠고 있다. 이 사조의 사명은 진실하고 살아있는 역사의 증인을 통해 객관적 현실 인식을 하게 하는 것이었다.


This study aims to examine the French artist, Honore Daumier's works that deal with the French Revolution among other subjects that tell about his philosophy of art. As it is widely known, the French Revolution, which was intended to realize liberty, equality and fraternity, paved the way for establishment and development of democracy not only in French history but also world history. Modern artists in Europe created various works based on the French Revolution. Among them Daumier was famous for keen criticism on those days during the French Revolution. Also he was one of the artists who were actually engaged in the French Revolution. Based on his experience he created many satirical caricatures. This study is intended to describe who the artist, Daumier really are and examine the close relation between social and political issues and art by studying his works. Especially, it focused on how political accidents were reflected and expressed in his works during the French Revolution. We can think over the influence that the French revolution has upon today's Korean society by studying his philosophy of art. It is definitely great outcome to find out the similarity between public paintings in Korean modern art and his works while investigating his satirical works. Figuring out the relationship between the significance of Gwangju Democratic Uprising and establishment of democracy in Korea by examining Daumier's works based on the French Revolution can be compared to finding one of the theories in human history.