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The purpose of this study is to clarify the origins of modern urban facilities in Hanoi, especially focused on sites and locations of them. For this purpose I surveyed the citadel and ramparts, French quarter, markets, cathedral and catholic churches, Long Bien bridge and Hanoi station and railroads, high schools and Hanoi University, and water towers. Throughout the survey, I could find that the origins of modern urban facilities in Hanoi have two ways of process. One is replacement of traditional pagodas and facilities, and the other is reclamation of swamps, lakes and riversides. Replacement is more common in colonial cities, but reclamation is relatively remarkable phenomena in Hanoi. In conclusion, the topographical conditions of Hanoi effected sites and locations of modern urban facilities in the city and her colonial urbanization.