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Purpose: The purpose of this study is to identify the effects of visual health promotion program for preschool children. Method: The experimental group participating in the visual health promotion program was 32 preschool children and the control group consisted of 34 preschool children by homogeneous age. The visual health promotion program was based on articles related to childern's visual health promotion and previous education program. Data were collected with 3 questionnaires that modified by the investigator. The data was analyzed by the SPSS win 10.0 program using descriptive statistics, χ2 test, t-test. Result: The level of knowledge about visual health promotion of preschool children who participated in the visual health promotion program was significantly higher than preschool children who did not participate(t=.02, P<.001). The level of behavior about visual health promotion of preschool children who participated in the visual health promotion program was significantly higher than preschool children who did not participate(t=.31, P<.001). Conclusion: The visual health promotion program developed in this study is an effective strategy for nursing intervention by increasing knowledge and behavior about visual health promotion of preschool children.