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In order to define their relative influence, this study analyzed causal relationships between school adjustment of middle school students and such related variables as locus of control and stress, including clarification of other significant variables affecting school adjustment. Participants were a sample of 331 students from 3 middle schools in Busan. Correlation, analysis of covariance structure modeling, and model-fitness tests were applied to the data. Results indicated that stress on the school, home, social relationships, and self has the more significant influence on the school adjustment, and the locus of control has relatively low influence.