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강황 에탄올 추출물은 Listeria monocytogenes ATCC 19115, Pseudomonas fluorescens ATCC 21541, Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 29273, Salmonella typhimurium ATCC 21541, Vibrio parahaemolyticus ATCC 17802 그리고 Aeromonas hydrophila KCTC 2358에 대하여 0.05-0.2% 범위에서 뚜렷한 성장억제효과를 나타내었다. 부패한 두부에서 분리한 4종의 Bacillus sp. 에 대해 강황 에탄올 추출물은 항균활성을 나타내어 Bacillus sp. KN-4와 KN-6의 성장은 0.05% 이상 첨가시 약 2 log cycle 정도 억제되었고, B. licheniformis KN-10은 0.1% 이상 첨가시, Bacillus sp. KN-20의 경우 0.05% 이상 첨가시 배양 12시간 이후부터 뚜렷한 성장 억제 효과가 나타났다. 공시균주에 대한 강황 에탄올 추출물의 최소저해농도(MIC)는 L. monocytogenes 는 0.1%, P. fluorescens, S. aureus, S. typhimurium, V. parahaemolyticus, A. hydrophila는 0.3% 그리고 Bacillus sp. KN-4, KN-6, KN-20의 경우 0.2%, B. licheniformis KN-10의 경우 0.25%로 나타났다. 열처리한 강황 에탄올 추출물의 공시균주에 대한 항균활성은 소실되지 않아 열에 안정한 것으로 나타났다.


The antimicrobial activity of Curcuma aromatica Salab. was investigated. The Curcuma aromatica Salab. extract showed antimicrobial activity against six pathogens tested. These were Listeria monocytogenes ATCC 19115, Pseudomonas fluorescens ATCC 21541, Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 29273, Salmonella typhimurium ATCC 21541, Vibrio parahaemolyticus ATCC 17802, and Aeromonas hydrophila KCTC 2358. Antimicrobial activity was alsonoted when the extract was tested against four isolates of Bacillus sp. purified from spoiled tofu. The growth of various pathogens was significantly inhibited (10010,000-fold) upon growth in tryptic soy broth containing 0.050.2% (w/v) Curcuma aromatica Salab. extract (CE), after incubation for 12 hr at 37℃. The growth of the four Bacillus isolates was also significantly inhibited in nutrient broth containing 0.050.2% CE after incubation for 24 hr at 37℃. Although the antimicrobial activity of CE was decreased by heat treatment at temperatures above 80℃, the activity remained relatively high after heat treatment at 121℃ for 15 min. The minimum inhibitory concentrations of CE were 0.10.3% (v/v culture) for the six pathogens, and 0.20.25% for the Bacillus isolates, respectively.