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In this paper, a 2-dimensional accurate edge-based matching algorithm using subpixel edges is proposed that combines the Generalized Hough Transform(GHT) and the Chamfer matching to complement the weakness of either method. First, the GHT is used to find the approximate object positions and orientations, and then these positions and orientations are used as starting parameter values to find more accurate position and orientation using the Chamfer matching with distance interpolation. Finally, matching accuracy is further refined by using a subpixel algorithm. Testing results demonstrate that greater matching accuracy is achieved using subpixel edges rather than edge pixels.