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이 연구는 전국의 초등학생과 고등학생을 대상으로 층화다단계집락표집방법으로 수집된 6,293명 을 조사한 청소년패널조사자료를 활용하여, 이들의 집단괴롭힘의 유형, 집단괴롭힘에 영향을 미 치는 생태체계적 요인들을 분석하였다. 집단괴롭힘 유형을 분석한 결과 미경험 집단 82.8%, 피 해집단 5.5%, 가해집단 8.7%, 피해-가해집단 3.1%로 조사되어 가해집단이 피해집단보다 더 높게 나타났다. 집단괴롭힘에 영향을 미치는 요인을 분석한 결과 집단괴롭힘의 유형에 따라 생태체계적 요인이 상이하게 영향을 미치고 있는 것으로 나타났다. 개인적 특성으로는 성, 연령, 문제아 정체감, 공 격성이 영향을 미치고 있는 것으로 나타났으며, 가족요인으로는 부모애착과 부부폭력 그리고 부 모학대가 영향을 미치고 있는 것으로 나타났다. 친구특성 요인으로는 비행친구 수가 영향을 미치 고 있으며, 학교특성 요인으로는 교사와의 관계가 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 이러한 결과에 기초하여 학교에서의 집단괴롭힘의 문제를 해결하기 위하여 초등학교에 대한 관 심을 제고하며, 개인의 문제아 정체감과 공격성을 감소시키는 프로그램의 도입, 가족개입 프로그 램의 도입, 학교에서의 예방프로그램과 교사와의 관계개선 프로그램의 도입 등 집단괴롭힘 문제 를 해결할 수 있는 전문적 원조체계의 도입이 필요함을 제언하였다.


This paper studies on the effect of eco-systemic factors on bullying in adolescents. To measure the bullying, adolescents were asked to report whether or not they had perpetrated and they had been perpetrated during last one year. The independent variables were individual, family, peer group, and school factors. Descriptive analysis and logistic regression were employed. Data for this study were taken from the Korean Youth Panel Study of 2005. About 18 % of the respondents reported they had experienced bullying during last one year. 8.7% of the respondents reported aggression only, 5.5% of the respondents reported victimization only, and 3.1% of the respondents reported both aggression and victimization. In individual factors, gender, age, deviant self-concept, and aggression had effects on the experience of bullying. In family factors, attachment on parent, exposure to family conflict, physical abuse by parents had effects on the experience of bullying. The number of delinquent friends In peer factors and relationship with teacher in school factors had effects on the experience of bullying. The implications for the intervention were discussed.


This paper studies on the effect of eco-systemic factors on bullying in adolescents. To measure the bullying, adolescents were asked to report whether or not they had perpetrated and they had been perpetrated during last one year. The independent variables were individual, family, peer group, and school factors. Descriptive analysis and logistic regression were employed. Data for this study were taken from the Korean Youth Panel Study of 2005. About 18 % of the respondents reported they had experienced bullying during last one year. 8.7% of the respondents reported aggression only, 5.5% of the respondents reported victimization only, and 3.1% of the respondents reported both aggression and victimization. In individual factors, gender, age, deviant self-concept, and aggression had effects on the experience of bullying. In family factors, attachment on parent, exposure to family conflict, physical abuse by parents had effects on the experience of bullying. The number of delinquent friends In peer factors and relationship with teacher in school factors had effects on the experience of bullying. The implications for the intervention were discussed.