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The tombs of Xichagou are symbolic relics that represent the initial stage of the Iron Age culture in the northern area of Liaoning and the western and southern area ofJilin. They received much attention from domestic and foreign academic circles. Nonetheless, only three tombs have been researched focusing on the Iron Age and they are the Xichagou tombs at Xifeng, and the Chalan tombs and Beisan tombs at Shiyi. For this reason, only 10 theses have been reported in relation to the tombs so far.The era of the tombs is suspected to be around the 2nd Century B.C. The tombs were located centering about Laoyeling and that area that crosses Liaoning and Jilin. The characteristics of the Xichagou-type tombs lie in that the corpse were buried without coffins (Toh-kwang-myo); that one corpse was buried for one time (單人一次葬), that the teeth or head of a horse was buried together, that the swords found in the tombs had bird-shape grips or a grip with rings, that the types of earthenware found in the tombs were complicated ones, that many relics of the Han Dynasty-style were found, and that a lot of animal-shaped ornaments of the Northern Prairie area were found. In the tombs of the Xichagou-type, various types of cultural elements were shown including the culture of the downstream area of the Nen River, the Han Dynasty culture, and that of the Northern Prairie area, etc. Among them, it is suspected that the culture of the downstream area of the Nen River was related to the origin of the Xichagou-type tombs in terms of lineage. The cultural elements of the Han Dynasty and the Northern Prairie area were suspected to be of foreign culture elements introduced from neighboring countries. As for the people who built and used the tombs, those of Xiongnu, Wuhuan, Xianbei, or Buyeo were suspected.