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본 연구는 면담 , 비디오 촬영을 활용하여 7~10세 아동과 어머니 간의 의사소통 형태 및 유형을 연구하였다 . 먼저 예비조사를 거친 후 총 80건의 어머니 -자녀 짝 중에서 총 19건의 사례를 최종 선발하였다 . 연구결과, 어머니 주도의 의사소통이 대다수를 차지하고 있었고 , 바람직한 의사소통은 양적 측면뿐 아니라 질적 측면을 함께 고려해야 함을 보여주었다 . 어머니-자녀 간 긍정적인 의사소통은 어머니가 상황에 몰입하고 아동을 존중하며 함께 문제해결을 하고 심화 /확정적 반응을 보이며 상상력 및 창의력을 촉진할 때 나타났다 . 반대로 부정적인 의사소통은 어머니가 지시적 /무관심하고 훈계적 /교훈적이고 과잉보호하고 아동과 어머니 각자 독백을 하는 상황에서 나타났다 . 어머니-자녀 의사소통에서 어머니의 영향력이 지대하였다 . 따라서 어머니는 다양한 상황에서 다양하게 의사소통할 수 있는 기술 및 훈련이 필요함을 지적하였다 .


This study investigated the characteristics of communication patterns between 7 to 10 year old children and their mothers with the use of qualitative research method. After the pilot study with 4 cases, 19 child-mother pairs were finally selected among 80 cases. The data was collected with interview and videotapping of the natural child-mother communication in the cases of storytelling and play with Lego blocks. The result showed that communication was necessary for children and their mothers in quantity as well as in quality, and in most cases mothers had lead their conversations. Positive communication was shown when mothers were deeply involved in the play situation, when they respected their kids’ opinions, when they solved problems with kids together, and when they initiated and allowed imagination and creativity to kids. However, negative communication was also shown when mothers were directive/indifferent to their children, when they pointed a moral/message, when they were overprotective, and when mothers and kids talked to themselves. The study pointed that mothers are needed to improve communicative skills in diverse situations since they’re very influential in communication with their kids.