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The purposes of this study were to investigate the effect of materialism and conspicuous consumption on purchase of fashion luxury goods and counterfeits, and demographic variables' effect on these fashion purchase behaviors. For this study, 386 women aged over 20 were surveyed. The data were analyzed with frequency, factorial analysis, multiple regression analysis, ANOVA, etc., using the SPSS 10.0.The results of this study included; 1) The materialism was divided three factors: 'Pursuing of Happiness', 'Pursuing of Possession' and 'Disinterest of Possession'. 2) The conspicuous consumption was divided two factors: 'Pursuing of Recognition' and 'Pursuing of Fashion'. 3) The purchasing of fashion luxury goods was positively affected by 'Pursuing of Recognition' and 'Pursuing of Fashion' which were the conspicuous consumption factors. And the purchase of fashion counterfeits was affected positively by 'Pursuing of Happiness' and 'Disinterest of Possession', which were the materialism factors, and by 'Pursuing of Fashion', which was the conspicuous consumption factor. And 4) Age and income affected the purchase of fashion luxury goods and counterfeits.