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성당은 인간의 세계와 신의 세계를 연결해주는 영역적 전환의 성격을 갖는 건축물이다. 그리고 이곳에서 벌어지는 찬송과 주문 등의 일련의 예배의식과정은 신의 영역으로의 전환을 위함이라고 할 수 있다. 전통적으로 성당에서의 예배는 성직자들의 의식 진행과정이 신도들에게 잘 드러나지 않도록 배치되어왔다. 성직자와 일반신도는 철저히 구별되고 그 거리를 최대로 하는 건축계획이 이루어져왔는데 이것은 예배의 의식과정이 보다 신비스럽고 경외의 대상이 됨으로서 신권을 보다 확고히 하기 위한 의도로 풀이될 수 있다. 그러나 모더니즘의 탄생과 더불어 시작된 자유화는 사회의 각 분야를 변화시키고 성당에서도 예전의 신권 중심의 예배의식에서 벗어나, 보다 인간적인 의식으로의 전환이 정착되기에 이르렀다. 신도는 보다 적극적으로 예배의식에 참여할 수 있게 되고 예배의식 이후에는 신도들의 인간적 교류를 증진하는 다양한 활동이 제공되었다. 이러한 상황 하에서 전통적 형태의 영국성당은 매우 성스럽고 예배를 위한 좋은 환경을 제공하고 있는데 비하여 모더니즘 이후의 성당은 현대 성당이 요구하는 예배 후의 다양한 활동을 수용한다는 생각이 지배적이었다. 본 연구는 이러한 일반적 견해에 대한 보다 과학적 분석 및 해석을 위하여 스페이스 신택스 기법을 사용하여 정량적 접근을 시도하였고 다양한 문헌고찰을 통하여 이에 대한 보다 면밀한 정성적 분석을 시도하였는데 그 결과 이에 대한 일반적 견해와는 반대로 전통적 형태의 성당이 예배후의 다양한 활동에 적합한데 비하여 현대적 형태의 성당은 예배의식에 보다 적합하다는 것으로 판명되었다.


A cathedral is a building for conversion of territory of between human world and divine one. Traditionally, the layout is arranged for congregation not to see the ritual process. There was strict separation between celebrant and congregation and the planning is to make a full distance between them. These are to make the ritual more mysterious. However, with the beginning of Modernism the liberalization changes the society and the cathedral gradually becomes human. The congregation begins to participate in the liturgy and after the liturgy the cathedral provides diverse programme for communication. Under the circumstances, there is a general idea that the traditional form of English cathedral is so sacred that it provides a good environment for worship and the modern form of cathedral is so informal that it provides a good environment for other activities that a modern cathedral requires. For cases, Liverpool Cathedral and Metropolitan Cathedral were investigated. To examine them, some useful ideas on liturgy and Space Syntax tool with observation were introduced. In addition to this, the study tried the literature review for the qualitative analysis. As a result of these, the idea turned out to be in reverse. Instead, it was revealed that traditional cathedral was so informal that it is more useful for other activities than modern one, while modern cathedral was so sacred that it is more proper for the worship than the traditional one.


A cathedral is a building for conversion of territory of between human world and divine one. Traditionally, the layout is arranged for congregation not to see the ritual process. There was strict separation between celebrant and congregation and the planning is to make a full distance between them. These are to make the ritual more mysterious. However, with the beginning of Modernism the liberalization changes the society and the cathedral gradually becomes human. The congregation begins to participate in the liturgy and after the liturgy the cathedral provides diverse programme for communication. Under the circumstances, there is a general idea that the traditional form of English cathedral is so sacred that it provides a good environment for worship and the modern form of cathedral is so informal that it provides a good environment for other activities that a modern cathedral requires. For cases, Liverpool Cathedral and Metropolitan Cathedral were investigated. To examine them, some useful ideas on liturgy and Space Syntax tool with observation were introduced. In addition to this, the study tried the literature review for the qualitative analysis. As a result of these, the idea turned out to be in reverse. Instead, it was revealed that traditional cathedral was so informal that it is more useful for other activities than modern one, while modern cathedral was so sacred that it is more proper for the worship than the traditional one.