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Song, Ki-seob, 2007, The Representation of Spreading Literacy and Language Environment -On Mujung and Heuk-, URIMALGEUL: The Korean Language and Literature 39, pp.117~138. In this essay, I looked for Korea's language environment in colonial time by Lee Kwang-su's Mujung and Heuk. Also I looked for level of Korean language and its spreading. And we could confirm that erosion of Korean language was progressed when Korea was colonized by Japan. Mujung and Heuk tell us crisis of Korean language. English and Japanese spreaded and replaced Korean language in colonial period. Lee Kwang-su's cognition of Korean language and the self-consciousness of nation to writing made him to focus on language environment. He always say that Korean literature should be written by Korean. Which language would you use in your literature, in most original problem to writers. And spreading literacy is very important problem to Lee Kwang-su who want to write literature by Korean. Mujung and Heuk represent spreading of Korean language by narrative discourse.In we should think that Mujung used the word national languagechange in Heuk to ‘a regional dialect' because of Japan surpressed to use the word ‘national language' to Korean language. Korean language which could not join in national language in colonial period, was called ‘Joseon language'. ‘Joseon language' was developed by Korean literature such as Heuk. Japan's oppression and distinction, however made Korean languages to increasing immunity of their oppression and distinction. (Chungnam National University)