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=Efects of a Mother-fetus Interaction Promotion Program on the Mother-infant Interaction during Feeding*Han, Kyung Ja1)Kwon, Mikyung2)1) Professor, College of Nursing, Seoul National University, 2) Professor, Department of Nursing, Kwandong UniversityThis study was conducted to develop a mother-fetus interaction promotion program aimed at enhancing the sensitivity of primiparas, and to evaluate the efects of a mother-infant play interaction. Method: Participants were recruited from OB-GY clinic with postpartum take-care center (17 mother-infant dyads for intervention group and 17 dyads for control group). Data were colected from January 18 to August 5, 2005. For the intervention two groups, home visiting or a postpartum care center was used for data collection of the mother-infant interaction which was conducted at postpartum 1 week and 1 month. Also mother-infant interactions during feeding were videotaped and two trained observers analyzed the tapes. Results: A significant diference was found in mother-infant interaction betwen the two groups (postpartum 1 wek, t=6.10, P=0.000, 1 month t=6.69, p=.000). For variations in mother-infant interaction in the control group, a significant diference was found in between postpartum 1 week and 1 month (t=-2.564, p=.021). In subscale analysis, interactional behavior of the infant significantly increased in both groups. Conclusion: This study showed that the mother-fetus interaction promotion that this nursing intervention to increase maternal sensitivity to the fetus should be broadly aplied with primiparas, as it can be beneficial for formation of the mother-infant relationship, and for promotion of the social, emotional, and cognitive developments of the children.