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=Parental Awareness of Elementary Schol Student Smoking*Kim, Myoung Hee1)1) Asociate Professor, Department of Nursing, Semyung UniversityPurpose:smoking. Method: The participants were 766 parents of 5th and 6th graders in 11 elementary schools located in J city. Data were collected through questionaires, which were constructed to include parents' recognition of harms to their own children cause by smoking, factors which influence their children to smoke, and parental supportive strategies to prevent smoking. Result: The percentage of parents who answered that they did not know if their children were smoking was 94.8%, while the percentage of parents who answered that they knew that their children were smoking was 3.5%. Only 30% of parents had actualy spoken with their children about the dangers preventing and prohibiting smoking with the higher mean scores included forbidding children from entering bars and nightclubs which had the highest scores at 3.55 points; forbidding the sale of cigaretes to children was next at 3.54 points. Conclusion:study results show that the role of parental guidance in preventing underage smoking was insuficient and under apreciated. Therefore, more systematic educational programs on preventing underage smoking are essential for parents.