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We evaluated the safety and stability of the less-invasive submuscular bar fixation method in the Nuss procedure. One hundred and thirteen patients undergoing the Nuss procedure were divided into three groups according to the bar fixation technique employed. Group 1 consisted of 25 patients who had undergone bilateral pericostal bar fixation, group 2 consisted of 39 patients with unilateral pericostal one, and group 3 included 49 patients with bilateral submuscular one. The patients’ age ranged from 2 to 25 yr, with an average of 7.2±5.67 yr. Bar dislocation occurred in 1 patient (4%) in Group 1, 2 patients (5.1%) in Group 2, and 1 patient (2.0%) in Group 3 (p=0.46). Hemothorax was noted in 2 patients (8%) in Group 1, 2 (5.1%) in Group 2, and none (0%) in Group 3 (Group 1 vs. Group 3, p=0.028). The mean operation time was shorter in Group 3 than Group 1 (50.1±21.00 in Group 3 vs. 67.2±33.07 min in Group 1, p=0.041). The submuscular bar fixation results in a decrease in technique-related complications and operation time and is associated with favorable results with regard to the prevention of bar dislodgement.