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The preliminary target of this study were writings about the regional literature which have been discussed and work about the regional literature which were treated in each region. Through these targets the study focused on how the discussion of regional literature reveals the identity of each region. The most critical theme of theory of regional literature is the realization of regionality and its specification For each region, though its studies is being progressed, there are not so many regional literature study which utilized the method of regional literature study thoroughly based on the distinctiveness of its own region. However, with regional literature study of Jeju and Pusan ․Kyungnam we can find the possibility of more regional specific literature study. Until now, however, there is not the result of regional literature study which can be the model of regional literature study. For the future regional literature study, there is yet more room for the discussion about the regional identification and on its basis, the distinctiveness of regional literature should be approached.