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Effects of Biophysical Index, Knowledge, and Self Management Compliance of Patients with Primary Hypertension by a Self Management Compliance Promotion Program Jeong, Bok Seon1)․Gang, Hui Gyeong1)․Gwak, Mi Yeol1)․Kim, Eun Suk1)․Kim, Hyeon Yeong1) Bak, Eun Suk1)․Song, Gye Yong1)․Sin, Hyang Su1)․Yun, Bok Hui1)․Lee, Eun Gyeong1) Im, Jeong Sun1)․Pi, Sun Ok1)․Jeong, Eun Yeong1)․Choe, Sang Ju1)․Jeon, Mi Yang2) 1) Chungbuk Community Health Practitioner Research Team 2) Keukdong College Purpose: This study was to develop and prove the effects of aself management compliance promotion program for primary hypertension patients who reside in rural communities. Method: The content of the self management compliance promotion program developed by this study was as follows: A leader trains patients as a group or individually, in walking, education and green tea therapy from the first to twelfth week. From the thirteenth to twenty fourth week, the patients should perform walking and green tea therapy by themselves. One hundred twenty subjects volunteered to participate in the study, who were among those registered as hypertension patients in the 14 community health clinics located in Chungcheongbuk-do. Result: Systolic blood pressure, total cholesterol, low- density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglyceride, step width, and degree of obesity decreased significantly. High-density lipoprotein cholesterol, step length, knowledge of hypertension, and self management compliance significantly increased. Conclusion: A self management compliance promotion program for primary hypertensive patients enhances biophysical index and knowledge on hypertension, thus ultimately suggesting a nursing intervention for promoting self management compliance.