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초등학교 국어과 기초학력은 제7차 교육과정이 시행되고, 국가수준 기초학력 진단평가가 실시되면서 많은 관심을 받고 있다. 그러나 국어과 기초학력은 기본학력이나 심화학력 못지않게 중요함에도 교육에서 제대로 이루어지지 않고 있다. 성적부진학생 지도나 학습문제학생 교정 지도의 의미로 받아들여지고 있다. 이는 기초학력 개념의 부재와 가치에 대한 인식의 소홀에서 비롯된 문제이다. 이 글에서는 기초학력의 개념을 탐구하고 교육적 접근 방향을 탐구하였다. 먼저 기초학력의 개념을 ‘국어’와 ‘기초학력’의 의미에 대한 논의를 바탕으로 ‘국어심성을 바탕으로 국어생활을 할 수 있는 국어문식력’으로 정의하였다. 그리고 국어과 기초학력의 교육 목표를 ‘국어생활인’ 교육으로 제시하였다. 이 목표를 이루기 위한 교육 내용과 방법을 생각하여 보았다. 국어과 기초학력 교육 향상 방향은 본질 규정, 내용 구조, 교육 원리로 구분하여 보았다. 첫째 국어과 기초학력의 본질은 국어심성과 국어정체성 및 국어문식력을 갖춘 국어생활인 교육이다. 둘째, 기초학력 교육 내용은 국어심성개발, 국어정체성확립, 국어문식력향상의 범주로 구분하였다. 셋째, 국어과 기초학력 교육 원리로는 미분성과 종합성, 구체성과 상황성, 직접성과 경험성을 제시하였다. 국어과 기초학력 교육은 바른 개념정의에 기반을 두고, 체계적인 계획에 의하여 이루어져야 한다. 목표와 내용도 없이 비체계적으로 이루어진다면 큰 의미가 없다.


A study of the direction on Korean-language education for the basic learning in elementary school Kim, Do-nam(korea national university of education) The basic learning is very important to the korean-language education in elementary school. It is a foundation of another learning. It is emphasized in the seventh korean education curriculum and the national basic learning achievement test. But there is upon to question what is the basis learning. Because of there is no an agreement among the korean-language educator for the basic learning in the elementary korean-language education In this paper, I discuss the concept and the direction of the basic learning in the elementary korean-language education. I define the concept of basic learning as 'korean-language literacy for the life of korean based on korean-language humanity'. And I take the educational goal of the basic learning at that is to educate the person who have korean-language life. The direction of the basic learning in korean-language education are divided three fields. The first is to find the characteristic of the person who have korean-language life. The second is to select the contents of instruction; those are the mentality, the identity and the literacy. The third is to choose the principles of teaching: those are the unity-integration, the concrete-situation, and the direct-experience.


A study of the direction on Korean-language education for the basic learning in elementary school Kim, Do-nam(korea national university of education) The basic learning is very important to the korean-language education in elementary school. It is a foundation of another learning. It is emphasized in the seventh korean education curriculum and the national basic learning achievement test. But there is upon to question what is the basis learning. Because of there is no an agreement among the korean-language educator for the basic learning in the elementary korean-language education In this paper, I discuss the concept and the direction of the basic learning in the elementary korean-language education. I define the concept of basic learning as 'korean-language literacy for the life of korean based on korean-language humanity'. And I take the educational goal of the basic learning at that is to educate the person who have korean-language life. The direction of the basic learning in korean-language education are divided three fields. The first is to find the characteristic of the person who have korean-language life. The second is to select the contents of instruction; those are the mentality, the identity and the literacy. The third is to choose the principles of teaching: those are the unity-integration, the concrete-situation, and the direct-experience.