초록 close

Eunjoo WooThis essay employs Ren Girard's theory of triangular desire in analyzing F. Scott Fitzgerald's portrayal of 1920s America in his novel, The Great Gatsby. Unlike many Americans in those times, dissolute and war-weary, the novel's protagonist, Jay Gatsby, pursues his dream and desire for a shining future. In Girard's concept of triangular relationship, Gatsby is the desiring subject; Daisy is the love object; and in another way, Daisy functions the mediator of Gatsby's desire for the ultimate object--wealth and privilege. Also, Gatsby's desire is melancholically attached to his lost love, Daisy, who has already left him. However, he cannot give up his lost love and the times when he was in love with Daisy. Therefore, he does his best to qualify as Daisy's lover, and confronts her husband, Tom. However, this essay finds a deeper level of triangular desire in which Gatsby desires expanded human possibilities and dreams as the object through the mediators, wealth and privilege.On yet another level, the character Gatsby represents the author himself, who was melancholically attached to his own personal and national past. Through Gatsby, Fitzgerald mourns a human spirit that held onto dreams and desires until the end of life. The novel illustrates Fitzgerald's nostalgia for the American Dream. In writing this novel as a subject of a triangle, he created a protagonist who aspires to his American Dream as a mediator of his desires, even in a bleak and bankrupt time in America, to pursue his desire and yearning for the American Dream.