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Dongchul SonOne Flew over the Cuckoo's Nest mainly comprises two stories of McMurphy and the narrator Bromden, who transform themselves into new figures. Although McMurphy's tragic story consists of a main structure of the novel, its central gravity gradually moves from McMurphy's tragedy to Chief Bromden's own story. As for the narrator, it is Bromden's tragic perspective that endows McMurphy's acts with tragic dimension and poignancy, leading himself into a new consciousness.The narrator Bromden's metamorphosis is also reflected in the change of the narrative mode. This artistic strategy aims to show how the sweeping machine Chief Broom, who first tells a story of "the cuckoo's nest" in a hallucinatory vision, becomes perceptively more and more acute overcoming his paranoia; accordingly, the narrative mode changes from the nonrealistic to the realistic. In his newly-gained consciousness the narrator effectively tells us McMurphy's transformation from a self-centered gambler or cowboy figure to a classical tragic hero who sacrifices himself for his fellow human beings. Modeling himself on his great hero McMurphy, Bromden emerges from his spiritual paralysis and quietistic attitude long consolidated by his staying in the oppressive Big Nurse's ward, which is "a made-to-scale prototype" of the Combine representing the industrialized and mechanized American society. Chief Bromden's escape from the mental hospital bespeaks Kesey's moral vision, his ultimate answer to the problems of modern American society and culture. Kesey suggests that to change the totalitarian social structure and pursue a new set of values, people need a revolutionary change of their own consciousness as seen in the metamorphosis of Chief Bromden who emulates McMurphy's tragic spirit.