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Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate treatment of childhood myopia in current Traditional Chinese Medical Journals. Material and Methods: We searched for treatment of childhood myopia in all Traditional Chinese Medical Journals published from January 2001 to October 2005. Results: Thirteen articles were selected and 7 of them showed total improvement rate was higher than 90% in children myopia. Treatment methods were acupuncture, auricular acupressure, moxibustion, herbal medicine, adhesive plaster. Conclusion: Oriental medical treatments for childhood myopia were presumed to be effective in most trials. But there remains a debate about diagnosis and outcome criteria. Further studies are needed.