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This paper explores the fundamental principles and mechanisms of thepatriarchal order that facilitate the production of gender inequality incontemporary Korea. Instead of focusing on the external forces such asthe industrialization or globalization, it pays attention to internal ones,examining how they interact to generate gender inequality in specific his-torical context. The ideology of the male breadwinner has worked veryclosely with the state, global capital, and class ideology in various andsubtle ways. Women were included in rapid industrialization as cheaplabor, while they were forced out of the workforce during the financialcrisis because they were not regarded as primary breadwinners. Patrilineality is another generative mechanism that facilitates theproduction and maintenance of gender inequality. Hojuje (family-headsystem), the concentrated representation of patrilineality, has institu-tionalized women to relegation as second-class citizens. The paper con-cludes that gender inequality cannot be mitigated unless gender politicsdirectly intervene to tackle the fundamental principles of patriarchalorder.