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ENGLISH ABSTRACTS The Logic of Global Civil Society Transnational Mobilization Strategy of SMOs(social movements organizations) in Korea Hyun Chin Lim Dean and Professor, Faculty of Liberal Education, Seoul National University Sukki Kong Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Sociology, Harvard University This article intends to focus on various types of transnational challenges and resistances deployed by ‘Non‐state Actors’ involved in the incomplete combining process between democratization and globalization. By narrowing down the actors into ‘transnational social movement organizations’(TSMOs) in particular, we try to apply varying transnational and local linkages carried by both transnational and local SMOs to three theoretical frameworks including Inter‐State System(ISS), World Capitalist Economy(WCE), and Global Civil Society(GCS). Ideally the frameworks respectively represent conflicting, competitive, and collaborative relationship in world politics. Arguably TSMOs not only take two positions as a challenger or a competitor to the ISS and the WCE regime but also brokering role should be applicable to the developing process of the Korean social movements. This we chose environment and human rights movement sectors and tried to explore how they understand and carry out their activism along the three roles in terms of transnational mobilization. We find out that both movement sectors recognized a significant necessity of extending transnational activism and participating in transnational public sphere to learn, understand, and apply new issues, tactics, frames and targets, even though each movement sector is still struggling with various obstacles.


ENGLISH ABSTRACTS The Logic of Global Civil Society Transnational Mobilization Strategy of SMOs(social movements organizations) in Korea Hyun Chin Lim Dean and Professor, Faculty of Liberal Education, Seoul National University Sukki Kong Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Sociology, Harvard University This article intends to focus on various types of transnational challenges and resistances deployed by ‘Non‐state Actors’ involved in the incomplete combining process between democratization and globalization. By narrowing down the actors into ‘transnational social movement organizations’(TSMOs) in particular, we try to apply varying transnational and local linkages carried by both transnational and local SMOs to three theoretical frameworks including Inter‐State System(ISS), World Capitalist Economy(WCE), and Global Civil Society(GCS). Ideally the frameworks respectively represent conflicting, competitive, and collaborative relationship in world politics. Arguably TSMOs not only take two positions as a challenger or a competitor to the ISS and the WCE regime but also brokering role should be applicable to the developing process of the Korean social movements. This we chose environment and human rights movement sectors and tried to explore how they understand and carry out their activism along the three roles in terms of transnational mobilization. We find out that both movement sectors recognized a significant necessity of extending transnational activism and participating in transnational public sphere to learn, understand, and apply new issues, tactics, frames and targets, even though each movement sector is still struggling with various obstacles.