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Theoretical analysis of the depth measurement system with the use of a single camera and a rotating mirror has been done. A camera in front of a rotating mirror acquires a sequence of reflected images, from which depth information is extracted. For an object point at a longer distance, the corresponding pixel in the sequence of images moves at a higher speed. Depth measurement based on such pixel movement is investigated. Since the mirror rotates along an axis that is in parallel with the vertical axis of the image plane, the image of an object will only move horizontally. This eases the task of finding corresponding image points. In this paper, the principle of the depth measurement-based on the relation of the pixel movement speed and the depth of objects have been investigated. Also, necessary mathematics to implement the technique is derived and presented. The factors affecting the measurement precision have been studied. Analysis shows that the measurement error increases with the increase of depth. The rotational angle of the mirror between two image-takings also affects the measurement precision. Experimental results using the real camera-mirror setup are reported.