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This study reexamined whether the philosophical conceptualization of punishment had the three attributes of retribution, deterrence, and rehabilitation by having compared the Boston sample to the Seoul's. The scales used were Likert, Thurstone, and Guilford methods which were constructed by 9x9 multitrate-multimethod matrix. Campbell and Fiske(1959) as well as Bagozzi's Structural Equation model(1993) were applied. The result showed that the convergent and discriminant validity were proved when the confirmatory factor analysis was processed in the data analysis.